This Wikispace has been constructed by: Abby Mesaros, A.P. , Emily, and Andrew

Overview

http://www.historycentral.com/desert_storm/
Overview:
In August,1990 Iraqi forces commanded by Saddam Hussei invaded Kuwait in a larger scale attack then the world thought. Iraqi forces not only captured oilfields, but they captured downtown Kuwait and they were heading south to the Saudi Arabian border. As The word of this Attack reached Washington a meting was held with secratary of Defense Cheney and General Shwarkopf with King Fahd os Saudi Arabia to tell him the american's response. The king had approved the plans and so government forces quickly began to start building. By the end of September there were more than 200,000 American troops in Saudi Arabia. However American forces still were having troubles getting the Iraqi forces out of Kuwait (Historycentral.com) cam up wat to have a direct assault ondowntown Kuwait, but Schwarzkopf and other leaders thought the plan was to risky because, the area was heavily gaurded with heavily armed Iraqis. In response the Us decided to put 140,000 additional troops in. By then troops from other nations had joined the war, some were France, Britain, and Syria (Gossman)plan to end the fight was operation desert a four phase plan. The first step of Operation Desert Storm was an air based assault on Iraqi radar stations, anti-aircraft networks and key bombing targets. The second and the third step was almost the same. the main objective was an increased bombing on Iraqi forces. The fourth step was the ground attack, Allied forces moved into Kuwait going through large tank battles and getting ever so closer to Kuwait City. The final day of the war Americans ended it by just destroying as much equipment as posssible (HIstory central.com). Inthe end American casualties were quite low and US troops ended the conflict pretty quickly.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gulf/

Overview:
In August of the year 1990, Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq, invaded Kuwait. President George Bush wanted to stop the Iraqi aggression, and it's ruthless dictator Saddam Hussien, therefore leading to the commanding and execution of Operation Desert Storm, which was an extension of Operation Desert Shield (Grossman). Saddam Hussein was warned that if he did not withdraw his troops from Kuwait by January 15th 1991, the UN would attack his forces. After Hussein failed to withdraw his troops, we officially declared war on Iraq a little after midnight on January 16th, 1991 (Grossman). The purpose of Operation Desert Storm was to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. The reason for us going to war with Iraq was we wanted to stand for Kuwait, which was a small country in the Middle East, against Iraq, which was a bigger more powerful country north of Kuwait (Grossman). There were four phases of the operation. The first phase was known as the "Strategic Air Campaign" or the "Instant Thunder Plan", and it was the part of the war that was mostly fought in the air. The second phase was still part of the air campaign, and its purpose was to gain air superiority over Kuwait. The third phase consisted of more air operations, that were meant to reduce Iraqi ground force capability before the UN ground attack. The fourth phase was a ground-led attack on Kuwait, and that finished of the Iraqi, and pushed them back out of Kuwait, and into Iraq. Operation Desert Storm transformed how wars were fought and viewed, by being shown on television constantly, and showing minute by minute development updates. It soon became known as the first "videogame war" (Grossman). Overall, there were 148 U.S. soldiers that died in battle, and 145 deaths that occured out of battle (Answers.com). Almost a third of these deaths were a result of friendly fire, which raised doubts about the advances in military technology ( The Gulf War: A Line in the Sand).


Source Annotation (Alphabetical order)


Answers.com - How Many US Soldiers Died during Operation Desert Storm."http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_many_US_Soldiers_died_during_Operation_Desert_Storm WikiAnswers - The Q&A Wiki. Web. 18 May 2011.

  • Summary:This source gave the information on the amount of people that died in battle, and out of battle. It also gave the amount of people that died in the Army, the Navy, the Marines, the Air Force, and the amount of women that died as well.
  • Asses:I think that this information is accurate becuase I found the same information on other sources as well. And I think that presenting the amount of people in our overview is good, so therefore this information is valuable.
  • Reflect: I will use this information in our overview. Knowing the amount of people that died, can give readers a better understanding on how the war went and if it was a mistake or a risk worth taking. Therefor, I will include this information in our overview paragraph because it is valuable to know how much our country suffered in this war.

Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the Persian Gulf War. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1995. Print.
  • Summary: This particular source gave the information on when Operation Desert Storm started and ended. It also provided the information about the basics on why we decided to intervene and get Iraq out of Kuwait, and also talked about our four phase plan. It also explained how it was an extension of Desert Shield.
  • Asses: Although this was a good book source, the information it provided could have been found in most places. It was a good overview, and it gave the basics on the Persian Gulf War, but the author did not go into a lot of detail on most things. The information was valuable for a basic overview, though.
  • Reflect:I could use this information to complete the overview because it told when the war started, why we got involved, and our battle plans. It also talked about why this war was important and how it was turning point because it gave minute by minute updates to people through television
Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the Persian Gulf War. Santa Barbara, CA : ABC-CLIO, 1995. Print.
  • Summary: This print source had lot's of information that had anything to do with the Persian Gulf War, It includes vehicles, weapons, and people that were involved. It also gave a very defined Overview of Operation Desert Storm And Desert Sheild. It gave a good description of the earleir events leading to the actual war.
  • Assess: I though the book was a great source with a lot of information on the topic. The information is all correct and it gives a little more than other sources.
  • Reflect: Overall I would very well use most of the information givin to me from this book as it has a lot to offer. The book is very good at showing how and why things happend.

American Wars a Compltete History- Operation Desert Storm.

http://www.historycentral.com/desert_storm/. 2006. Web. 21 May 2011.


  • Summary:Gives a breif overveiw of the war starting with how it started and what the answer was from the US. It doesn't really tell much information on what the other side of the war was doing only what the Americans were doing. Doesn't have any related links andther's not much information on what the four plans were for Operation Desert Storm. The ending comes very quick and abrubtly and is very skim.
  • Assess: The information embedded in the website is very skim there is not very much detail on the war. This would not be the right website for someone who wants to throughly learn about Operation Desert Storm, but for people who want to just review over it. The information is accurate but there's just not a lot of it.
  • Reflect: I would probably only use this site if I were to want to learn more about the ground attacks because, ther is more information on that than anything else. I would use the information on this website with more information from another website that has the information that history central is missing.

Jefferey T. Richelson. The National Security Archive."Operation Desert Storm: Ten Years After". http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB39/. January 17, 2001. Electronic Briefing Book. May 10, 2011.
  • Summary:Tells when it started, why it started, why the U.S. joined, what the president did, who was involved, what the U.N. did about it, where it was, and also other links to more website to get more in depth on a particular thing that happened in the war. It is a very thorough explanation of Operation Desert Storm.
  • Assess:The information is good because it has the answers to the 5 w's. It really gives you a nice overview of the chronological progressions of the operation, and things such as why it happened, and the different strategies. You can click on different links throughout the page to lead you into a more detailed description of specific things.
  • Reflect: I would use, and trust this source, because it is a government funded website, so you can be very sure that the information is very accurate, and that it is a trustworthy source. Also, it helps to answer all of your major questions on the operation with a big overview, and then when it goes into details it answers your minor questions.

Kent, Zachary. "Persian Gulf War ' Mother of All Battles'". Enslow Publishers. Berkely Hieights, NJ. 1994 . Print.
  • Summary:This books talks about brief details that happened in the Persian Gulf War and most importantly Operation Desert Storm. It also shows many quotes from people on both sides of the war, i.e. General H. Norm Schwarzkopff (US Commander and Chief, USMC), Saddam Hussein (Iraqi Dicatator), United Nations and President George Bush. Thes quotes describe there opinion on the war and how they planned to handle the situation at hand. I.E. UN stated to American forces, "to use all necessary means to...restore international peace and security in the area", (Kent 52). Saddam Hussein attempted to threaten America by quoting to the press, "Kuwait belongs to Iraq and we will never give it up even if we have to fight over it for a 1,000 years", (Kent 54). These are just a few of many great quotes from this book.
  • Assess:This book gives very good brief information on the Operation Desert Storm, but, it could use more descriptive details on the situation. Good details such as why Saddam Hussein started the conflict in the first place. If Saddam Hussein would've known he was going to get his butt kicked then maybe he wouldn't have sparked the flame in the beginning.
  • Reflect: This books still keeps me somewhat wondering of the details of the 5 W's. This book is good for quotes on both sides of the war in a positive and negative manner.


Military.com. "The Gulf War: A Line in the Sand." http://www.military.com/Resources/HistorySubmittedFileView?file=history_gulfwar.htm Web. 18 May 2011.

  • Summary:This source provided the information on why Irag entered Kuwait in the first place, and how the United Nations and our country got involved right away. It also talked about our strategic air campaign against Iraq to disable their communication systems. Also, they talked about how CNN would broadcast the war, and that Desert Storm soon became the first "live' war. The thing I found most interesting though on this site was, they said that almost a third of the deaths during Operaration Desert Storm we from a result of friendly fire.
  • Asses:This information is accurate and useful. They give details that other sources did not, and that information added to our overview. It gives good smaller details on the whole operation. I'm not sure I would want to use it as my first source, but when looking for more smaller details, this is one of the best sources to use.
  • Reflect: I will use this information, especially the information on how many people died in the operation, to add to our overview. It's easy to find some basic information, but this website went more into detail and it will be useful to add into the massive amount of basic information we already have. This information will help fill the cracks.

U.S. Department of Defense. "The Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm Timeline". http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=45404. The National Guard Bureau. August 8, 2000. Web. May, 12,2011.

  • Summary:This Article tells each and every event of operation Desert Storm, in chronological order, starting with Iraq invades Kuwait, and ending with U.N. commission assumes responsibility for Kurdish refugees.
  • Asses:This information seems to be very accurate, and it gives a short sentence of the event that happened at each new bullet point. It is very useful if someone wants a brief overview of every event that occured in Operation Desert Storm, and when each event occured. The information seems very legitimate, because I checked some of the dates, and they were accurate with other sources.
  • Reflect: I still wonder what some of the events and objects are that are described in this article, such as what is a Scud missile, and what happened with the Iraqi oil slick.






Reflections and Conclusions


I think that us going to war with Iraq was a good thing for us to do. Not only did we help out a little country Kuwait, we pretty much showed up a bully and told them that they needed to stop because they couldn't just do whatever they wanted. Also, our country didn't suffer from that many deaths. We lost less than 300 souldiers during Operation Desert Storm. Even though we don't want to lose any soldiers in war, this amount of deaths is way less then those in other wars such as Vietnam. Another good thing about Operation Desert Storm was that it only lasted 44 days, according to ChaCha. And most of the war was broadcasted on news channels, so that people in America were able to see what the war was really like, unlike in Vietnam when our government lied to us continuously. Therefore because of all these reasons and because we really needed to teach Saddam Hussain a lesson, I think it was a very good idea and it was worth the risk to go to war with Iraq and preform Operation Desert Storm.

Multimedia


photo.jpg1047374357296.jpg001_tenth_2.jpg
F-15s and F-16s
F-15s and F-16s



http://images.wikia.com/psychology/images/b/b4/Operation_Desert_Storm.jpg

Works Cited

"Answers.com - How Many US Soldiers Died during Operation Desert Storm." WikiAnswers - The Q&A Wiki. Web. 18 May 2011.Desert Storm. United States History.
Grossman, Mark. Encyclopedia of the Persian Gulf War. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1995. Print.Jeffery T. Richelson. Operation Desert Storm: Ten Years After. The National Security Archive of George Washington University. 17 Jan, 2001Scott O'hara. Operation Desert Storm. July, 1997"The Gulf War: A Line in the Sand." Military.com. Web. 18 May 2011.

http://youtu.be/bleWRYGg6f8