By: Daniel Simon, Aubree Whitley, Blake Trinske and Blake Wingler


Overview

  • On July 23, 1967 when police raided the blind pig on 12th street they were suppose to just be getting a few patrons. But inside they found around 80 people having a party for a few returned vietnam veterans.
http://www.michiganradio.org/ashestohope.html
http://www.67riots.rutgers.edu/d_index.htm
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/13_detroit.html
Detroit Riots
http://www.theseekerbooks.com/detroit/DetroitRiot.html
  • http://www.absolutemichigan.com/dig/michigan/remembering-the-detroit-riot-of-1967/
  • Began July 23, 1967 when police raided a blind pig and arrested several black people
  • In The blind pig riot on 12th street, the national gaurd and military were sent in and the result was 43 dead, around 440 injured, and around 7,200 people were arrested, and over 2,000 buildings destroyed and burned down. It was a very scary and violent riot that ended sadly.
  • The precipitating event was a police raid of an unlicensed, after-hours bar.
  • The street evolved into one of the deadliest and most destructive riots in American history.
  • This riot lasted five days and surpassing the violence and property of Detroit's 1943 race riot, which occurred 24 years earlier.
  • federal troops called in to restore order
  • 14 square miles destroyed; 43 killed
Over 7000 were arrested during the five days of riots
-People have still not got over what happened 40 years ago

Daniel's overview:
The Detroit riots of 1967 were the culmination of too many incidents of violence between the black population and the white police. The summer of 1967 was very hot which fueled the anger and hate between the two factions. Many thought of the riots of the previous year in L.A. The government believed they could learn from the experiences of the L.A. police and felt they needed to hit the streets with a large number of forces to subdue the rioters. They were able to disperse the crowds but not stop the looters and arsonists. The national guard was unable to control the situation due to under trained troops who were to frightened and used excessive force. "Economic oppression and geographic isolation" of blacks were among the causes of the riots. One of the many lasting effects of the riots was that President Johnson ordered a commission to study the riots. This Commission determined that policies regarding race and the cities had to change. Another effect was that the federal military started to train and control state national guards.
http://detroit1701.org/Start1967Riot.html
Blakes overview:
On July 23, 1967, Detroit City Police raided a private club called the United Civic League for Community Action early in the morning when it was found serving alcohol without a license. They arrested 82 people, and while this was happening, a crowd began to gather outside the club. A member of the crowd threw a brick at the window of a police car, and soon the entire crowed began to overwhelm the police men. The police tried to call for backup, but there were only 193 police officers in the entire city at the time, and this was not enough to contain the rioting crowd that was continuously growing larger. Soon the rioters began to pillage through the city, looting and burning buildings. The governer had to call in state police and also the National Guard, but these badly trained guardsmen were not prepared to handle this urban disturbance and ended up losing composure and killing rioters who did not deserve to be killed. After days of rioting, the situation eventually grew less violent and calmed down enough for Detroit police to handle the situation on their own. The riots ceased on august 2, 1967.
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In the mid 1960's, the fight/struggle for african americans to gain complete equal rights was big. There was progress growing, only because of the victories achieved in the 1950's. Sense then african americans have hugely supported non-violent ways for when taking action. Most riots in that time were caused by frustrated african americans. But didn't compare to the watts riots a year or two earlier. But the violence is so bad it spread to 43 different cities, some like Brooklyn, Washington D.C, and Baltimore.

  • 1967 was a year of widespread urban violence, lead by some Black militant leaders who saw the uprising as ultimately counterproductive to Black interests. It seemed to some that the phase of the Black protest movement characterized by the nonviolent demonstrations made by Dr. MLK was coming to the end. Many civil rights leaders thought violent upheaval was unable to avoid. And on April 16, 1967,a news conference was held and Dr. MLK warned that at least 10 cities that, "could explode in racial violence this summer." So everything could go super bad.
  • http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/detroit-1967.htm
Source Annotation
Blake Trinske Source 1: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/story/13_detroit.htm

Summary: The PBS web page on the riots provides useful information including Detroit newspaper articles from the time when the riots were happening, videos, and plenty of general information about the Detroit Riots of 1967

Assess: The information provided is accurate and based off a television series that was broadcast by PBS which dealt with the struggle for civil rights, so the info is all well researched and is as close to perfect as you could get.

Reflect: This website can be used for pretty much any kind of research that can be done for something having to do with this event. It contained many of the important events of the riots and all the things you would need for anything concerning the Detroit Riots of 1967

Blake Trinske Source 2: The Detroit Almanac

Summary: The Detroit Almanac has a great section about the Detroit riots of 1967. It is written by the people who have lived and loved the city all their lives, so the info is accurate and relitive.

Assess: The info in this book is great, and exactly what i was looking for when i was researching. It is packed full of details, down to the street names where the events happened. You can tell the author really knows what he is talking about.

Reflect: This book literally answered every question i had on this subject. It is an amazing resource for anyone wanting to know anything about the riots.

Blake Trinske Source 3: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/detroit-1967.htm

Summary: This web site tells about civil rights as well as telling a lot about the Detroit riots of 1967. Its a good informative place to research these events.

Assess: The information this website provides is accurate, because it is close to the same stuff that is in the almanac.

Reflect: I wanted to know a little bit more about the event in general from this website. It had good info, but it couldn't compare to the almanac in terms of details.

Daniel Simon Source 1: http://www.theseekerbooks.com/detroit/DetroitRiot.html
Summary: This website, is from a person that personally witnessed the riot. This lady has it explained as "just like it was yesterday" It give the first person perspective from all that happened.

Assess: The information that is on the website, is accurate because of the newspaper articles and everything that is on it.

Reflect: This website, could be used for information about someone who was personally in/around the riots. It shows pictures where everything started.


Daniel Simon Source 2:http://detroit1701.org/Start1967Riot.html

Summary: This website is a very descriptive article regarding the riot. It gives many facts without sounding like speculation or forcing an opinion on the reader.

Assess: The information on this website is accurate because it also reflects items in many other web articles on the riot.

Reflect: This article was used via para-phrasing fact based issues for the overview.

Daniel Simon Source 3: http://www.67riots.rutgers.edu/d_index.htm


Summary: This book excerpt gives much the same impressions of the riot that all previous web sites give. It, too, is very factual and goes further in depth on the issues of the "why" and "what" happened in 1967 Detroit.

Assess: It is valuable because it does give more information than the other sites.

Reflect: This was helpful in confirming facts that were used in the overview.



Reflections and Conclusions
Blakes Reflection:
During this whole experience of putting together a wiki I got the opportunity to learn about one of the most important events in the history of our state. I never knew much about the Detroit riots of 67', in fact I had hardly ever heard of this huge event. It was nice to have an opportunity to research it. I learned that 43 people lost their lives in these riots which also destroyed many blocks of the city. I learned that this was a big civil rights event too, seeing as most of the rioters were African American. I though the topic was more interesting than I thought it would be when I picked it out, and I'm glad I chose it.

Daniel's Reflection:
This process caused me to learn a great deal about a moment in history that happened when my mother was a kid. Her brother, my uncle, was involved in the riots as his girlfriend was put in jail and he went and bailed her out. I ended up learning the real details of that time period from many perspectives. The first hand experiences were the most interesting and I was able to see many before and after pictures of the area in Detroit where it all happened.


Multimedia

-Daniel
Groooooovy video dog. Very informative. - Blake
Here is a picture of some of what was destroyed in Detroit
external image detroit_riot_1967-1.gif
http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/detroit-1967.htm
Heres a link to a cool video about Detroit looking at it now, and back in 1967.

Works Cited

"Starting Point of the July, 1967 Racial Riot" http://detroit1701.org/Start1967Riot.html Web

Theresa Welsh "Detroit: Revisiting the Site of the 1967 Riot" http://www.theseekerbooks.com/detroit/DetroitRiot.html Web

Max Herman, Phd "The Newark and Detroit "riots" of 1967" http://www.67riots.rutgers.edu/d_index.htm Web